Article : Maternal Mortality In Zimbabwe


Maternal Mortality In Zimbabwe


Musizvingoza Ronald

  Maternal Mortality in Zimbabwe is a silent pandemic killing a great number of women each year. Few studies have been conducted on maternal mortality and national reviews are still rare. Reviews are very important not only to researchers but also to policy makers and donors who wish to work in the country. They provide a quick and deep understanding of the situation and trends of the nation. Data from successive demography and health surveys point to a general increase in maternal mortality in Zimbabwe. Maternal mortality has increased from 283 in 1994 to 960 deaths per 100000 live births in 2010. HIV/AIDS, haemorrhage and hypertension are the major causes of maternal mortality. 75% of maternal deaths in Zimbabwe are as a result of the three delays. Programmes to address the problem of maternal mortality should aim at improving socioeconomic conditions, gender equality, and reduction in HIV/AIDS prevalence and providing comprehensive sexual reproductive health services. This is in sharp contrast to the millennium development goals which seek a reduction in maternal mortality by year 2015. This review seeks to give a simple and clear Zimbabwean maternal mortality situation detailing the geographical, demographical, social economic status including the causes of maternal mortality, gender issues and its relationship with HIV/AIDS. 

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