Article : The Polygraph Test: Towards Progress Or Regress?

Title

The Polygraph Test: Towards Progress Or Regress?

Author

Sameeksha Chowla, Girik Bhalla

Various recent developments in the scientific community have had a substantial and almost mesmerizing impact on the legal profession and the most notable amongst these has been the use of polygraph test in the investigative process. The present article aims at understanding the utility of the polygraph test in the current scenario. At the threshold, it acquaints the reader with the concept of forensic science and its increasing importance in today’s world. Further, this effort illustrates the procedure, limitations and techniques of the polygraph test. It also examines the view adopted by the US Judiciary on such tests and also its admissibility in the Indian set-up, with special emphasis on its constitutional vires. The article enumerates the guidelines adopted by the National Human Rights Commission, which need to be adhered to while conducting the test. On a conclusive note, the authors are of the opinion that since law is a living process which must change in accordance with the needs of the society and science, thus certain amendments are necessitated in the Evidence Laws of India so as to accommodate the newly developed techniques such as lie-detectors.

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